The Farm River Estuary is a wild, pristine and enormously complex productive, and fragile estuarine ecosystem with wooded uplands, high quality fresh water, and brackish tidal marshes. These picturesque floodplains, coves, and inlets provide a critical natural habitat for an immense variety of microbes, plants, insects, amphibians, reptiles, birds, fish, shellfish and mammals that rely on it for food, water, and shelter, especially during migration and breeding.
    The Farm River Estuary also forms the southern end of an important migratory flyway that extends north through the center of Connecticut and Massachusetts into northern New England and Canada. The Farm River has been used for navigation by a fertilizer factory, stone quarry, paper mill, saloon, salt hay harvesters, fisherman and boating enthusiasts.
    During colonial times there was a swine farm in the northern sections and a prominent hill, Beacon Hill, was used as a lighthouse and quarry. Barges hauled traprock downstream to Long Island Sound. During the late 19th century, summer cottages and small boats moored on stakes lined both sides of the lower river.
    The population along the shoreline will continue to grow exponentially and the cumulative effects of the last century will pale in comparison to the pressures that will come to bear on the Farm River Estuary in the coming years. Maintaining the estuary in its current undeveloped condition and promoting environmentally sound use of the Farm River watershed is critical as estuaries around the world are rapidly dying.

Estuary Map
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Farm River

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